Greek Gods

Task 1 1. How was the world created, according to Greek Mythology

???Myths of Origin??? or ???Creation Myths??? represent an attempt to render the universe comprehensible in human terms and explain the origin of the world.

2. Who were the Titans, and name at least three

The Titans were a race of powerful deities some were named Dione, Theia, and Uranus.

3. How did a war begin between the Titans and Zeus

When Zeus grew maturity, he decided to wage the war against Cronos and the Titans.

4. How was the world divided after the war

Zeus divided up the universe between his remaining family of gods at the time.
? ?·

5. Name and briefly describe (2-3 sentences) 6 major Greek Gods, describe powers, personality, allies, etc.

Six major Greek Gods are Zeus, Hera, Hestia, Hades, Poseidon, and Apollo. The Greek Gods have many powers but they have one that they are powerful in. Zeus is the god of the Kings, Hera is the goddess of marriage, Hestia is the goddess of the hearth, Hades is the god of the underworld, Poseidon is the god of the sea, and Apollo is the god of healing. Most of this gods or goddess personalities are good not great.

Task 2
1. Who is Eris and why is she important to the beginnings of the Trojan War.
Eris, the goddess of discord, furious of this slight, Eris threw a golden apple, inscribed “For the fairest”, in the midst of the guests. The wedding was marred, when three powerful goddesses wished to claim the prize as the fairest: Hera, Athena and Aphrodite.

2. Which Gods were for the Trojans, and which were for the Greeks or Hellenes
Although there were hundreds of deities in the Greek and Trojan pantheon at that time, these are the gods that are mentioned in the Iliad and whose side they were on. For the Greek, Athena? Hera? Poseidon? Hermes? Hephaestus? Thetis. For the Trojans, Aphrodite? Ares? Apollo? Artemis? Scamander, Leto.
3. How was Helen lured away to Troy
Helen was abducted by the seducer? Paris? and held in? Troy, and for her sake a large army sailed against that city in order to have her restored to her husband? Menelaus, king of? Sparta. Helen was famous in the whole world for her beauty; and beauty being a precious thing, many contended in order to possess her. Therefore, she was also hated by many others on account of the woes her beauty caused. For the? Trojan War, some believe, was caused by her, and since many died in that huge conflict, she was surnamed “Lady of Sorrows”.
4.?  What role did Ulysses have in the Trojan War
Ulysses was the Roman name for Greek Odysseus, was the king of Ithaca, a Greek island.

5. Research what roles Ajax and Achilles had in the war and explain in a brief paragraph for each.
Achilles plays a great role in the Trojan War. When Agamemnon steals the beautiful captive Briseis away from Achilles, Achilles refuses to take part in the war, where after the Greeks suffer one loss after another .But when his best friend Patroclus is killed by Trojan Hector, Achilles emerges vengeful. Thetis has an armor forged for Achilles by the great god Hephaestus. Achilles kills Hector and a great number of other Trojans. Ajax led the troops of Salamis against Troy and was one of the foremost Greek warriors, fighting both Hector and Odysseus to draws. He and Odysseus rescued the corpse of Achilles from the Trojans, but when the armor of Achilles was awarded to Odysseus, the disappointment of Ajax was so great that he went mad and committed suicide.…/1100/twar1.htm

Task 3
1.?  Name and explain at least 4 characteristics of a Greek Hero. : Odysseus is a second example of a hero who fits into the category of the Greek hero who has very different experiences that define him as a hero than Hercules does. For one, Odysseus went on a great quest after he and his people had won the war over the Trojans. Odysseus was also favored by the gods which is one sign of a true hero. Athena helped him many times throughout the story. One of which was when she saved him from drowning; Athena also helped him succeed in killing all of the suitors. However without the help of Athena Odysseus could not have been as successful as he was. Odysseus was also born into royalty which is a clear sign of a hero and eventually became king of Ithaca.? 

2 – 4.?  Name three Greek Heroes and give 1/2 page biography of each.
Zeus was the god of the sky and ruler of the Greek Gods.? Zeus overthrew his Father? Cronus.? He then drew lots with his brothers? Poseidon? and? Hades. Zeus won the draw and became the supreme ruler of the gods. He is lord of the sky, the rain god. His weapon is a thunderbolt which he hurls at those who displease him. He is married to? Hera? but, is famous for his many? affairs. He is also known to punish those that lie or break oaths. He is represented as the god of justice and mercy, the protector of the weak, and the punisher of the wicked.
Poseidon is the God of the sea, protector of all waters.? Poseidon is the brother of? Zeus.? After the overthrow of their Father? Cronus? he drew lots with? Zeus? and? Hades, which is his another brother, for shares of the world. His prize was to become lord of the sea. He was widely worshiped by seamen. He married? Amphitrite, a granddaughter of the Titan Oceanus. Poseidon created the first horse. In some accounts his first attempts were unsuccessful and created a Varity of other animals in his quest. By the time the horse was created his passion for Demeter had cooled. His weapon is a trident, which can shake the earth, and shatter any object. He is second only to Zeus in power amongst the gods. He has a difficult quarrel some personality. He was greedy. He had a series of disputes with other gods when he tried to take over their cities.
Apollo, Greek god of the Sun, was the original overachiever. Apollo was the fathers favorite. At the tender age of 4 days, showing an incredible talent for archery, Apollo killed the gigantic serpent named Python (in some myths she was a dragon) who had been harassing his mother .The Greek god Apollo and his twin sister Artemis were born to Leto (a Titan goddess who was impregnated by Zeus during one of his numerous affairs. The birth of the twins was not an easy one, for their poor mother Leto had been pursued throughout her pregnancy by a gigantic serpent named Python and had never been allowed a moment??™s rest. Going into labor, she finally found a safe, secluded spot where she could deliver. But after the birth of the first twin, Artemis, was born, Leto was too exhausted to continue. Artemis, born just minutes earlier, had to take control of the situation and become Leto??™s midwife.

5. Which of these 3 heroes are the most heroic?  Explain your response in no more than one page.? 

I think Apollo the God of Sun is the most heroic because he was

the Person that overachieved his standards. At the age of four days old he was

showing incredible talent for archery he killed the gigantic serpent named

Python who has been harassing his mother. The other reason I think why

Apollo is heroic is because out of the three gods I listed Apollo was the most heroic.

When? Diomedes? injured? Aeneas, Apollo rescued him.

First,? Aphrodite? tried to rescue Aeneas but Diomedes injured her as well.

Aeneas was then enveloped in a cloud by Apollo, who took him to

Pergamos, a sacred spot in? Troy. When Zeus struck down Apollos son

Asclepius with a lightning bolt for resurrecting? Hippolytus? from the dead,

Apollo in revenge killed the? Cyclops, who had fashioned the bolt

For Zeus. Hera then sent the giant? Tityos? to kill Leto. This time Apollo was

aided by his sister Artemis in protecting their mother. He immediately

went in pursuit of the serpent that Hera sent to torment his mother,

Leto. The serpent,? Python, fought refuge at Delphi. But Apollo followed it

into the shine of the Oracle of Mother Earth and killed him. Since Apollo

being the god of religious healing would give those guilty of murder and other

immoral deeds a ritual purification.

Task 4

1.?  What is Odysseuss parentage – find his family tree and draw at least two generations of it.
2.?  Why is Poseidon so biased against Ulysses
Odysseus and his crew are on their way home, but Poseidon is still angry for what they did to his son. So Poseidon sent his evil sea serpent to do his dirty work. It is over 50 feet long. It has 20 eyes, and if its head is cut off it will simply grow back. First he decides to torture Odysseus by ripping all of his limbs off. Then he starts to eat Odysseus and his crew one by one. Then Poseidon makes sure Odysseuss family suffers. He then starts to lead the ship with no crew home.…/ApollodorusBook.html
3.?  Why is Athena loyal to Ulysses
Because he was smart and cunning and she was the goddess of knowledge. ?

4.?  Describe the abilities / powers of Circe and Calypso.?  No more than a paragraph for each.
She is a Goddess with several functions, a complex character, and as an individual she represents the dual nature of the feminine as both light and dark in a subtle, integrated/harmonious/in accordance way. When coupled with Circe, Calypso primarily represents (what has been constructed as) primarily the light aspects of the Great Goddess.

5.?  What heroic qualities does Ulysses hold
Some of Ulysses heroic qualities are Persistence and determination.